Nephrectomy (Nephrology and Urology)
Body Area: Back / Spine
Body Parts: Lower Spine
Nephrectomy is the removal of the entire kidney or only a section. This procedure is performed patients with severe kidney damage from disease, injury, or congenital conditions. These include renal cell carcinoma and polycystic disease. Possible complications of a nephrectomy procedure include infection, bleeding and post-operative pneumonia. There is also risk of total kidney failure if the patient's other kidney ceases to function.