A SLAVE TO THE SYSTEM? Thomas Jefferson and Slavery

When the Constitution of the United States was ratified in 1789, the infamous “three-fifths clause” gave the southern slaveholding states disproportionate power within the federal government. To what extent did this southern advantage help the southerner Thomas Jefferson win the presidency? And to what extent did Jefferson, author of the phrase “all men are created equal,” use the power of his presidency to preserve and perpetuate the institution of slavery?

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